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Spanish Study Log 10, July 5th 2020

July 8th, 2020

I. Read La Buena Suerte (20 mins)

II. Read Que Bien Suena (20 mins)

== Review

I. Vocab

aconsejable - que es conveniente o recomendable
se sobresaló - it excelled ?
imprescindible - que es o se considera tan necesario que no puede prescindir de el
desplegar - poner en práctica una actividad o manifestar una cualidad
musgo - moss
indumentaria - nombre genérico de la ropa que cubre y resguarda el cuerpo humano
manchar - ensuciar una cosa dejando una señal o una marca.

(finished on pg. 26)

II. Que Bien Suena

triptongo

semiconsonante-vocal-semivocal

buey = [bwei] (ox)

miau = [mjau] (meow)

* i and u are semivocals.

vocales fuertes tienen sílabas distintas - se llaman "en hiato"

leo (le-o)
fealdad (fe-al-dad)
bacalao (ba-ca-la-o)
creer (cre-er)

(I skipped exercises B & C + Poems and went to chapter 3)

Note that hacia preposition is different than imperfecto de hacer

hacia = ha-cja
hacía = ha-ci-a

continuo (adjetivo) con-ti-nwo
continúo (1st persona, presente de continuar) con-ti-nu-o

Skipped exercises here as well and went to chapter 4

El enlace entre vocales

Don't glottal stop inbetween words

una estudiante = u.na_es.tu.djan.te and NOT u.na?es.tu.djan.te

Que va a hacer? = ke.ba_a_ser

If a word ends with a consonant and starts with the same consonant, you can use just one consonant

i.e.

el lago = e.lá.go

## = Divisón entre palabras
V = vocal
C = consonante
C1/C1 = la misma consonante

Hay enlace en los siguientes ambientes fonéticos:

V##V (mi hermana) [mi_er.má.na]
C##V (las hermanas) [las_er.má.nas]
C1##C1 (las serenas) [las_se.ré.nas]

No hay enlace en los siguientes:

V##C (mi cuñado) [mi.ku-ñá.do] (sin enlace)
C1##C1 (los cuñados) [los.ku.ñá.dos] (sin enlace)

Spanish Study Log 9, July 4th 2020

July 4th, 2020

I. Read La Buena Suerte (30 mins)

II. Review Ordinales (10 mins)

III. Qué Bien Suena (30 mins)

== Review

I. Vocab:

desolado - que está arruinado, yermo, vacío o sin vida
deprimido - que padece una depresión
abatido - que ha perdido el ánimo, las fuerzas
abatir - tirar o hacer caer al suelo a una persona o cosa que está de pie o en un lugar alto, generalmente con fuerza o impetu
un corcel - caballo, especialmente el que es ligero, de gran alzada y bella figura, como los que servían para los torneos y batallas.
venerar - sentir y demostrar gran amor y respeto a una cosa o a una persona por su virtud, dignidad, méritos o santidad.
un súbdito - que está sujeto a la autoridad de otro al que tiene la obligación de obedecer.
despejar - dejar un espacio libre de personas o cosas que lo ocupan.
raudo - que van a gran velocidad o que invierte poco tiempo o mentos tiempo del que se considera normal en moverse o desarrollarse.
"actúa y no postergues" - act and don't delay
una alforja - a saddlebag
una espada - a sword
imprescindible - que es o se considera tan necessario que no se puede prescindir de el o no se puede dejar de tener en consideración
oscurecer - 1. volverse oscuro el cielo al ponerse el sol. 2. volverse oscurco el cielo al nublarse. 3. pasar [una cosa] o estar oscura o más oscura.
apesadumbrado - que muestra tristerza, aflicción y disgusto. "me siento apesadumbradada por el error que he cometido"
un rasgo - a trait ??
una risita burlona - a mocking giggle
se desternillaba de risa - ??
se alegró con amargura - he was glad with bitterness??
aconsejable -que es conveniente o recomendable.

(Leftoff on page 22)

II. Ordinales Revista

1 - primero (el primer)
2 - segundo
3 - tercero (el tercer)
4 - cuarto
5 - quinto
6 - sexto
7 - séptimo
8 - octavo
9 - novano noveno
10 - décimo
11 - décimo primero (o undécimo)
12 - décimo segundo (o duodécimo)
13 - décimotercero
14 - décimocuarto
15 - décimoquinto
16 - décimosexto
17 - décimoséptimo
18 - décimoctavo
19 - décimonoveno

Divisible By 10

20th - vigésimo
30th - trigésimo
40th - cuadragésimo
50th - quincuagésimo
60th - sexagésimo
70th - septuagésimo
80th - octogésimo
90th - nonagésimo

III. Que Bien Suena (Diptongo)

bien; buen // vocal debil es el primer
seis; aun // vocal debil es el ultimo

Si la vocal débil es el primer miembro hay una menor abertura en la cavidad oral (o bucal.)
Son semiconsonantes - se representan con [j] y [w].

Si la vocal débil es el segundo, hay mayor abertura en la cavidad oral.
Son semivocales1 - se representan con [i] y [u] (NOTE: These [i] and [u] symbols have a little ^ under them, i don't know the escape sequence to make the right characters.)

Si hay dos vocales débiles la primera funciona como la semiconsonante y la segunda será la vocal nuclear.

cuidado (cwi-da-do)
ciudad (cju-dad)

Ex A pg. 32 Done on paper.

TimeSheet

11:20AM: Start reading La Buena Suerte
11:50AM: Go over time reading la buena suerta to finish vocab
11:58AM: Begin Ordinales Revista
12:03PM: Start Reading Que Bien Suena
12:34PM: Bonus time finishing an exercise in Que Bien Suena
12:39PM: Finish

  1. From Catford's A Practical Introduction To Phonetics - A semivowel is a momentary approximant. A [w] is an ultra short [u] and a [j] is an ultra short [i]. []

Guitar Practice Log 15, July 1st 2020

July 1st, 2020

Short Practice

I. Warmup (14 mins)

Tension + Relaxion + Lats From "Muscle Control"
String Crossing

II. Technique (20 mins)

Stable thumb plucking
Triplet Rasgueado

III. Bourree

TimeSheet

12:21PM Lat Isolation
12:26PM String Crossing
12:36PM Practied a bit of rasgueado triplets, struggled with thumb plucing.
12:55PM End

Spanish Practice Log 8, July 1st 2020 - Ordinales

July 1st, 2020

I. Read About the Surfing President + Continue La Buena Suerte (30 mins)

https://dukesurf.com/lacalle-pou-confirmo-que-ya-surfeo-siendo-presidente/?referrer=mvdstandard.net

II. Que Bien Suena (30 mins)

Review

Articulo de Surf:

Me dolía hasta el apellido -

me saqué las ganas -

destacarse - to stand out / pull head / show up

toque de queda - curfiew

decretar - to decree

una encuesta - a poll

La Buena Suerte:

empeño - endeavor

ORDINAL NOTES: From https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/ordinal-numbers-in-spanish

Ordinals match the nouns they modify in gender and number.

1st = primero (when before masculine singular noun, primer i.e: el primer presidente)
2nd = segundo
3rd = tercero (when before masculine singular noun, tercer i.e: el tercer capítulo)
4th = cuarto
5th = quinto
6th = sexto
7th = séptimo
8th = octavo
9th = noveno
10th = décimo

Teen numbers are written as a single word, formed with the formula:

décimo + ordinal between primero and noveno

11th = decimoprimero (undécimo)
12th = decimosegundo (duodécimo)
13th = decimotercero
14th = decimocuarto
15th = decimoquinto
16th = decimosexto
17th = decimoséptimo
18th = decimotavo*
19th = decimonoveno

Ordinal Numbers Divisible By 10

20th = vigésimo
30th = trigésimo
40th = cuadragésimo
50th = quincuagésimo
60th = sexagésimo
70th = septuagésimo
80th = octogésimo
90th = nonagésimo

Ordinal Numbers Between 20th and 99th

base number (divisible by 10) + ordinal number between primero and noveno

21st = vigésimo primero
36th = trigésimo sexto
99th = nonagésimo noveno

Ordinal Numbers Divisible By 100

100th = centésimo
200th = ducentésimo
300th = tricentésimo
400th = cuadringentésimo
500th = quingentésimo
600th = sexcentésimo
700th = septingentésimo
800th = octingentésimo
900th = noningentésimo
100th = milésimo

Ordinal Numbers Between 101 and 999

For ordinal numbers between 101 and 999, write out each successive ordinal number as a separate word.

482nd = cuadringentésimo octogésimo segundo

177th = centésimo septuagésimo séptimo

II. Qué Bien Suena

Ex. On pages 29-30.

Paragraph divided in syllables.

Mien-tras es-ta-ba en co-le-gio me gus-ta-ba ju-gar a fút-bol. Aun-que me gus-tó ju-gar a fút-bol on-ce, te-ní-a mas más suer-te con fút-sol, un tí-po de fút-bol con cin-co ju-ga-do-res por ca-da la-do. Ju-gué en u-na li-ga con mis me-jo-res a-mi-gos de la es-cue-la. Ju-gá-ba-mos to-dos los sá-ba-dos y des-pus de los par-ti-dos í-ba-mos a mi ca-sa a pa-sar la tar-de.

Poem words divided:

1. cer-ca
2. o-ca-so
3. ben-di-go
4. por-que
5. nun-ca
6. dis-te
7. es-per-an-za
8. fa-lli-da
9. in-jus-tos
10. in-mer-e-ci-da
11. ar-qui-tec-to
12. des-ti-no
13. ex-tra-je
14. sa-bro-sas
15. di-jis-te
16. e-ter-no
17. no-ches
18. san-ta-men-te
19. es-ta-mos

Diptongo Notes (To be continued...)

i y u son las vocáles débiles.

Timesheet

11:00AM: Start Reading Article + La Buena Suerte- Wound up writing out notes for ordinals.
11:38AM: Start Reading Qué Bien Suena
12:07PM: Finish

Guitar Practice Log 14

June 30th, 2020

June 10th - short practice

I. Warmup

Tension + Relaxation + Lats Exercise from "Muscle Control"

(Reread)

II. Music Theory

51bpm 2nbp Major scales open fingering - with focus on B major scale.

III. Technique

1. Rasgueado practice

== Review

I. Warmup (9 mins)

Making progress on discovery of lats isolation.

Guitar Practice Log 13

June 30th, 2020

June 9th

I. Warmup

Tension + Relaxation + Lats Exercise from "Muscle Control"

(Reread)

II. Music Theory

51bpm 2nbp Major scales open fingering

III. Technique

1. Work on discovering resting position of tremolo.

2. Tirando + Apoyando drills.

3. Rasgueado

IV. New Repertoire

==

Review

I. Warmup (17 mins)

Still struggling with isolation of lats.

II. Music Theory (2- mins - TODO Review B Major / g# minor)
- Review relative minor memorization

III. Technique (30 mins)

Tremolo seems to be at a standstill - it seems that my nails are a problem.

For the first time ever, it seemed like my rasgueado rolled!!! The trick was to attack the strings at a dramatic angle so that my fingers in resting position are poised to strike.

IV.

(15 mins - i seem stumped on this piece.)

Guitar Practice Log 12 - Interval Notes

June 30th, 2020

June 8th

Guitar Practice Log 12 - Notes on Intervals

I. Warmup

Tension + Relaxation + Lats Exercise

II. Music Theory

Read Complete Musician chapter on Intervals.

III. Technique

Tirando + Apoyando Drills
Rasgueado

IV. New Repertoire

Continue Work in Bourree

== Review

I. Warmup (9 mins)

II. Music Theory (45 mins)

Interval Notes:

Generic intervals are referred to by ordinals with the first letter of the scale being the "First" and the last letter of the scale being the "Seventh." Intervals up to an octave are "simple" and beyond an octave are "compound."

To know the quality of an interval you need to know the specific size - i.e. number of semitones. Intervals are grouped into two different categories:

1. Perfect Intervals

Unison, Fourth, Fifth, and Octaves.

2. Major/minor Intervals:

All the rest.

A major interval increased by a half step is known as an augmented interval.
A major interval decreased by a half step is known as a minor interval.
A major interval decreased by two half steps is known as a diminished interval.

Major, minor, and perfect intervals can be transformed into augmented and diminished intervals.

(A unison can only be augmented.)

Major and minor intervals can never be perfect, and perfect intervals can never become major or minor.

When one moves the lower pitch up an octave, or the higher pitch down an octave, one has inverted the interval.

Notes about inversion:

i) Inversion can go in either direction
ii) The inversion of generic intervals always sums to 9
iii) Perfect intervals keep their quality when inverted, but quality is swapped for augmented/diminished and major/minor intervals.
iv) The number of half steps between inverted intervals always sums to 12.

unison <-> octave (1 + 8 = 9)
second <-> seventh (2 + 7 = 9)
third <-> sixth (3+6 = 9)
fourth <-> fifth (4+5 = 9)

perfect <-> perfect
augmented <-> diminished
major <-> minor

There are enharmonic intervals just like there are enharmonic pitches, and the name chosen for an interval depends on musical context.

Consonant vs. Dissonant Intervals.

Consonant Intervals:

diatonic forms of the:
-unison
-third
-fifth (perfect only)
-sixth
-octave

Stable consonants:
Perfect: P1, P5, P8
Imperfect: M3, m3, M6, m6.

Dissonant Intervals:

-second
-fourths
-seventh
-all diminished and augmented intervals.

(Q: are all minor intervals dissonant? May a minor third and 6th is consonant)

III. Technique (20 mins)

- Tremolo still sounds super choppy
- Rasgueado Improved tremendously - I can strike and then relax pretty quickly now.

IV. New Repertoire (25 mins)

Guitar Practice Log 11 - Gypsy Jazz Links

June 30th, 2020

June 7th (I believe)

I. Warmup

Tension + Relaxation + Lats Exercise from "Muscle Control"

II. Music Theory

Read Complete Musician Point about Intervals and rhythm. Do fretboard interval exercises.

Learn Gypsy Jazz Chords https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vrFQS4PtNAs
https://youtu.be/jSeu_IT56ZE?t=163 "Ring+Chuck"

III. Technique

Tirando + Apoyando Drills from The Path To Virtuosity.

IV. New Repertoire

Continue work in Bourree.

V. Freeplay

== Review

I. Warmup (30 min)

- I think I am starting to understand how to control my lats.

II. Music Theory (30 mins)

Just did Gipsy Jazz, it was quite difficult.

III. Technique (Did not time)

It seems the string should only be plucked with the nail, although the flesh rests on the string before plucking.

IV. New Repertoire (Did not time)

I should isolate right hand and left hand, and work one measure at a time.

Guitar Practice Log 10 - Potential Tremolo Pieces

June 30th, 2020

I. Warmup

- Complete Tension + Complete Relaxation Exercise from "Muscle Control" group.

II. Music Theory

Practice E Minor Scale: natural, harmonic, and melodic.

III. Technique

- Tirando - String crossing, Keeping hand still
- Apoyando- String crossing, keeping hand still
- Thumb movement up and down.

IV. New Repertoire

- Continue work in Bourree

V. Freeplay

==

Review

I. Warmup (35 mins)

Worked on lats isolation. I believe I understand now what it means to have the shoulders pulled back and in a relaxed state.

Note: (See Page 126 of Muscle Control Group PDF for list of muscles)
Note: See Hand Anatomy Animated Tutorial.

II. Music Theory (10 mins)

s: 3:22
E: 3.31
(10 mins, went pretty well, i should minimize slides on the e string.

Focus on Latissimus Dorsi
Notes on Latissimus Dorsi:
- Works with shoulder joints.
- When you have your arm in front of you, it pulls the arm down.
- Pulls the arm down towards the side of the body.
- It helps rotate the arm inward as well.
- They help hyperextension of spine and lateral extension of pelvis.

III. Technique
(S: 2:10)
(Note: not having camera etc. ready delayed me)

(E: 3.20) Tons of time wasted, didn't do thumb movement. Still exploring to get the basic tirando and apoyando - i need to focus on that while I work on muscle independence.

IV. New Repertoire (About 30 mins)

Note: Recommended beginner tremolo pieces:
Sueno by Jose Vinas
Cancion de la hilandera
Carcassi etude no 7 op 60
https://www.thisisclassicalguitar.com/carcassi-etude-no-7-op-60-free-pdf/

V. Skipped, (or rather- sporadically done throughout the practice.)

Spanish Practice Log 7 - Sílabas

June 30th, 2020

I. Go over last few session notes. (20 mins)

II. Read La Buena Suerte (30 mins)

III. Que Bien Suena (30 mins)

== Review

I. Reviewing Sessions (1-3)

I notice I don't known the informal vosotros command conjugation.

aguda - last syllable is tonic. (for example if word ends in r)
llena - 2nd to last syllable is tonic. (default)
esdrújula - 3rd to last syllable is tonic (always has an accent mark.)

II. La Buena Suerte

Vocab:

Llegó al territorio de las Cowls cuando ya anochecía - ...Already nightfall.
muy bien abonada - abonar = to fertilize
alforjas - saddlebags
brotar - nacer o salir una plana de la tierra
bayas - berries
cabalgar - montar o estar montada [una cosa o una persona] sobre algo; montar a caballo.
estar sediento - tener sed
nenúfares - lily pads
arroyos - streams
deprimir - to depress
vagar - ir de un lugar a otro sin un fin, un motivo ni un destino determinados
apabullar - to overwhelm
un surco - a groove
restar - subtract / deduct
regar - dar agua a una planta
conciliar el sueño - to fall asleep
por lo tanto, - thus,

III. Que Bien Suena

sílaba abierta - es una que termina en una vocal. (ejemplo: si)
sílaba cerrada - es una que termina en una consonante. (ejemplo: con)

Español prefier las sílabas abiertas:

a-ma, ha-go, te-ma, sí-la-ba,
ba-ta, ja-rri-to, vi-lla-no, mu-cha-chi-ta

Ejercicio A pg. 26

1. ta-co
2. pi-do
3. to-do
4. e-lla
5. pe-ro
6. E-le-na
7. pe-rri-to
8. te-la
9. ca-je-ro
10. rá-ba-no
11. a-bo-ga-do
12. Mé-xi-co
13. se-rra-no
14. do-mi-ni-ca-no
15. pa-na-me-ña
16. vi-lla-no
17. pe-rru-cho
18. pa-ta-ta

Cuando una palabra tiene una combinación consonántica es posible que tiene una sílaba cerrada - por ejemplo con "s"

estar = es-tar
escolar = es-co-lar
espuma = es-pu-ma

Es possible que los dos consonantes se encuentra en el siguiendo sílaba, como en estos ejemplos:

potro = po-tro
siglo = si-glo
sidra = si-dra

Si hay una palabra que empieza con dos consonantes, los dos consonantes son juntos para el segundo síliba -

iglesia -i-gles-sia (exiten globo y glacial)
padre pa-dre (existen droga y drenaje)

ensalada no pueden emplear al comienzo de una palabra.

en-sa-la-da

no hay palabras como las siguientes en español:

*star (sino estar)
*scolar (sino escolar)
*spuma (sino espuma)

Full quote:

La s simplemente no puede encontrarse seguida de otra consonante dentro de la misma sílaba. La e inicial de estas palabras tiene el efecto de separar los dos consonantes en el sentido silábico. Por lo tanto, el hispanohablante típicamente pronuncia el préstamo monosilábico del inglés stop con dos sílabas: es-top.

Ejercicio B pg. 28

1. es-tos
2. tri-ple
3. a-gri-cul-tu-ra
4. res-pon-sa-ble
5. an-da-mos
6. con-ju-rar
7. ha-blo
8. es-pa-ñol
9. in-fan-te
10. a-gra-da-ble
11. pa-la-bra
12. ár-bol
13. pon-go
14. hi-dró-ge-no
15. al-re-de-dor
16. ma-chis-mo

Ejercicio C pg. 28

a-gri-cul-tu-ra - gritar, graduar
res-pon-sa-ble - blindar, bloquear
pa-la-bra - bromear, broncear
hi-dró-ge-no - drama, dron
ma-chis-mo - chequear - chanza

Pregunte

*"Hay una palabra en español que empiece con "dr"?
Debe ser
"Hay alguna palbra en español que empiece por "dr"?

Ejercicio D. pg. 29

1. ins-ti-tu-to
2. com-pren-der
3. des-treza
4. en-trar
5. com-pli-ca-do
6. des-tru-ye
7. ins-tru-yó
8. es-drú-ju-la
9. e-jem-plos
10. trans-cri-bir
11. ham-bre
12. om-bli-go
13. tem-pla-do
14. ins-tru-men-to
15. im-pli-ca-ción

Practice pronouncing:

al
alto
víctor
paradójicamente - paradoxically

Timesheet:
10:36AM - Begin Planning the study session.
10:38AM - Start going over previous sessions.
11:04AM - Start Reading La Buena Suerte
11:38AM - Start Reading Que Bien Suena
12:11PM - Continued to section D in Que Bien Suena to finish the main exercises.
12:23PM - Finished